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高中英语语法大全

多了解一些英语语法,可以在做题方面给我们带来帮助。特别是我们在高中学习中,对语法了解透彻,可以很好的提高我们的分数。下面就让小编为大家带来高中英语语法大全。

主+谓+宾 ;主+系+表

1、主语:主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。在原始的简单句中,主语可由名词、代词、数词、名词化的形容词表示。例如:

During the 1990s, American country music has become more and more popular.(名词)

We often speak English in class.(代词)

One-third of the students in this class are girls.(数词)

The rich should help the poor.(名词化的形容词)

2、谓语(动词):谓语说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。动词在句中作谓语,一般放在主语之后。谓语的构成如下:

1.简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成。如:He practices running every morning.

2.复合谓语:(1)由情态动词或其他助动词加动词原形构成。如:You may keep the book for two weeks. He has caught a bad cold. (2)由系动词加表语构成。如:We are students.

在英语中一个简单句只能有一个谓语动词(知道为什么吗),而且,我们平时学习的时态是针对谓语动词来说。如果以do为例,do, did ,have done, will do, had done, is/am/are doing, was/were doing, would do。在简单句中,谓语动词和主语是句子的核心,是不可以随意删掉的。

3、宾语:宾语表示动作的对象或承受者,一般位于及物动词和介词后面。例如:

They went to see an exhibition(展览)yesterday.(名词)

The heavy rain prevented me from coming to school on time.(代词)

How many dictionaries do you have? I have five.(数词)

They helped the old with their housework yesterday.(名词化形容词)

高中生英语

4、表语:表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态,它一般位于系动词(如be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem等)之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词。

Our teacher of English is an American.(名词)

Is it yours?(代词)

The weather has turned cold.(形容词)

The speech is exciting.(分词)

Three times seven is twenty one?(数词)

以上就是高中英语语法大全的有关介绍,希望大家会喜欢。多了解一些关于语法上面的知识,会给我们在考试中带来很大的帮助。